A group of scientists at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden have discovered that eating more fibre can help trim one's waistline and combat obesity.
Fibre can be found in whole grains, fruit, vegetables and legumes, and it is recommended we consume around 30g a day. The scientists have revealed that fibre intake could affect weight, as well as blood sugar, insulin sensitivity and bowel health.
This is because fibre helps promote gut health by being consumed as fuel by 'good' bacteria during digestion. The scientists discovered that low-fibre diets led to weight gain, high blood sugar, and insulin resistance in mice.
Diets that lack fibre alter the bacterial composition and bacterial metabolism, which in turn causes defects to the inner mucus layer, something that triggers inflammation and ultimately metabolic disease.