The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an independent, volunteer panel of national experts in prevention and medicine that works to improve the health; recommended against the supplementation of vitamin D or calcium in an effort to prevent fractures or falls in older adults.
Instead, the Task Force suggested clinicians advise their patients to exercise or to seek a physical therapy service.
“We found that taking low doses of vitamin D and calcium does not prevent women who have gone through menopause from getting fractures,” Carol Mangione, a Task Force member, said.
The Task Force based the recommendation after reviewing the evidence on supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in adults who live at home and have no history of fractures related to osteoporosis.
“We need more research to understand if taking higher doses of vitamin D or calcium helps to prevent fractures in women who have gone through menopause or at any dose for men or younger women.”
Vitamin D and calcium are critical nutrients nonetheless, the Council for Responsible Nutrition stated in response to the Task Force recommendation, though the association did not counter the specific recommendations.